We wrap up our study of the atonement with penal substitutionary atonement, the term that describes the Biblical view of what Christ accomplished on the cross. Listen as Pastor Nate Harlan teaches on the concept in our family study.
As we consider the questions in the Heidelberg Catechism that concern the atonement, Pastor Nate Harlan ledas us through a conversation about theories about the atonement: Ransom Theory, Moral Influence Theory, and Penal Substitutional Atonement.
The study finishes up Question 11 of the Heidelberg Catechism which addresses God’s mercy and justice. But why is there a Hell? As Pastor Nate Harlan says, “There is a direct correllation between our appreciation of the work of Jesus and the severity of the punishment that we deserve.”
After reviewing our study of Question 8, Pastor Nate Harlan continues to the next question and answer in The Heidelberg Catechism concerning the depravity of man and the justice of God:
Q 9: But does not God do man an injustice by requiring in his law what man cannot do? A: No, for God so created man that he was able to do it. But man, at the instigation of the devil, in deliberate disobedience robbed himself and all his descendants of these gifts.
After a short review of Question 7 of the Heidelberg Catechism, Pastor Nate Harlan leads a discussion on Question 8: “Are we then so corrupt that we are wholly incapable of doing any good, and inclined to all wickedness? Answer: Indeed we are; except we are regenerated by the Spirit of God.”